The Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pardesh India

13 Jul

Kullu Trekking in The Great Himalayan National Park

Bounded to the East by the Himalayan Mountains, the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) forms part of the boundary between four ecoiogical zones:

1)        the dry deserts of the trans-Himalayan region and the well watered
lowlands of the Indian plains,

2)        the Oriental and Pale arctic faunal realms,

3)        the high plateau of Tibet and the jumbled Himalayan peaks, and

4)        the catchments of Beas and the Sutlej Rivers.

Because of its complex geography and its great variations in altitude, the limited area of the Park encompasses an enormous range of species, which span the sub-tropical to the alpine and include characteristics of the south-east Asian forests as well as those found across Siberia Asian steppes. Few ecological sanctuaries present such a variety of wildlife habitat and biological diversity in such a small area.

The flora of GHHP shows affinities with Mediterranean, Tibetan and the Peninsular Indian Region. For example, species of Valerians, Dactytorhiza, Yew and Leycesteria are typical taxa, which extend to Afghanistan and West China. Other affinities that are met with here, are in the form of buckthorn (Hippophae) of Palaearctic Region; Cedar trees, Herbaceous Violets and grasses such as Poa of Mediterranean region; and spurge (Euphorbia) shrubs of Peninsular India. In addition,GHNP has a number of endemic species of the Himalayas, for example several species of balsams (Impatiens), species of Androsace, Hedysarum, Draba (White low grass), etc.

There are two main options for visiting GHNP: the Ecozone and the
Park itself.Ecozone tours:

The Ecozone areas are adjacent to the park and provide a combination of natural and cultural experiences. The trails go through villages and are generally easy to moderate..,The best time to visit is during festival season (October). The treks offer an opportunity to interact wit villagers and observe their daily activities including weaving, basket making, cooking, farming, etc.

The Kullu Valley region of Himachal Pradesh State is the starting point for a

visit to GHNR

This region is accessible by road and air. A pre-trek meeting at GHNP

headquarters in Shamshi (near Kullu) is recommended.

By air Daily flights from Delhi to Kullu (Bhuntar), weather permitting.

Byroad: From Delhi: Approximately 500 km (14+hrs).

Delhi to Chandigarh by National Highway 1, then to Aut in Mandi district by NH 21. Chandigarh and Swarghat are suitable overnight halting places. From the small town of Aut, a link road crosses the Beas river into the Banjar valley, where the Park is located.

Approximate distances from GHNP: Airport:  Bhuntar (Kullu), 50 km; Railhead: Joginder Nagar (Mandi), 100km; Town: Kullu (District HQ), 60 km.

Recommended Clothing

Wear appropriate dress for each season and dress in layers for maximum comfort. Your trekking will be as comfortable as your boots are, so make sure they are sturdy (with good ankle support and sturdy soles) and broken-in (new boots can often cause hot spots or blisters). Rain gear and sun screen are essential. A warm hat, scarf and gloves should also be a part of your dress.

Camping in The Great Himalayan National Park kullu Himachal Pardesh

Additional clothing items should include:
1)  down or insulated vest/jacket,
2)  rain-proof parka,
3)  socks and sock liners,
4) sun hat,
5)  T-shirts,
6) slippers/sandals for inside tent,
7) thermal underwear,
8)  sunglasses.
Other useful items include:
1) adjustable walking stick,
2) water bottle,
3)high grade water-filter,
4) Swiss Army knife.
Over night stays have additional requirements, including tents, sleeping bags, insulated mats, cooking utensils, food etc.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: